Week 7 – And More Salah

This week we had a mini test on the topic of Wudhu and what we have so far learnt from Salah. Well done to all the girls! That should get you prepared for the semester exam which is coming really soon.

Salah Breakers

Actions which break the Salah (in other words, we will need to repeat the Salah!):

  1. Losing Wudhu.
  2. Eating or drinking.
  3. A lot of movement.
  4. Turning the chest away from the Qiblah.
  5. Laughing softly so that only he himself can hear.
  6. Saying ANYTHING that is not from Salah, even if it is just a sound like “uff” or “aah”.
  7. Making a mistake in reading such that the meaning is changed.

Sajdah Sahw

Sajdah Sahw can be performed when:

  • When a wajib action of Salah is left accidentally.
  • When an action of Salah is delayed.
  • When an action of Salah is increased. E.g. Doing 3 Sajdah’s instead of 2.
  • When we forget which Raka’ah we are in. E.g. We don’t know if  we are in the 2nd or 3rd Raka’ah.

How do we do Sajdah Sahw?

After the last tashahhud, we say salam to the right side only, then we do 2 sajdahs, and again sit down and read tashahhud and finish the Salah like normal.

Week 6 – Salah continued…

Pre-conditions of Salah

What should we do before starting our Salah?

  1. Make Wudhu or do Ghusl.
  2. Body must be clean.
  3. Place to pray must be clean.
  4. Clothes must be clean and covering the body.
  5. Salah time must have started.
  6. Face the Qiblah.
  7. Have intention for Salah.

Fardh Actions of Salah

A fardh action is an action that we CAN NOT leave. If we miss one of them, even by accident, we will have to repeat the Salah. These actions are:

  1. At-Tahreemah (Saying the first Allahu Akbar to begin Salah).
  2. Qiyam (Standing).
  3. Qira-ah (Reading).
  4. Ruku’ (Bowing).
  5. Sujood (Prostration).
  6. The last Qu’ood (Sitting).

Wajib Actions of Salah

A wajib action is an action that if we leave it ON PURPOSE, then we have to repeat the Salah. But it we leave it ACCIDENTALLY, then we can do Sajdah Sahw at the end of the Salah to fix the mistake.

  1. Reading Surah Fatihah.
  2. Reading another Surah or three aayaat.
  3. Reading Surah Fatihah before the other Surah.
  4. Reading int the first two raka’at of Fardh Salah.
  5. Not rushing.
  6. The first Qu’ood (Sitting).
  7. Reading Tashahhud in the first and second Qu’ood (Sitting).
  8. Saying Salam at the end of Salah.
  9. Saying Qunoot in Witr.

Sunnah Actions of Salah

Leaving a Sunnah action will not break the Salah and it will not be considered a mistake to leave one out…although we should still not leave them out due to the importance of Sunnah.

  1. Raising the hands for At-Tahreemah and then placing the right hand on the left.
  2. Saying Thanaa.
  3. Saying “A’oozubillahi Minash-Shaytaanir-Rajeem” (Ta’awwuzh).
  4. Saying “Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Raheem”.
  5. Saying “Aameen”.
  6. Saying “Sami’allahu Liman Hamidah”.
  7. Saying “Rabbanaa Lakal Hamd”.
  8. Saying “Allahu Akbar” (Takbeer) when doing Ruku’, Sujood, Qiyam, Qu’ood and getting up from Sujood.
  9. Saying “Subhana Rabbiyal-‘Azheem” in Ruku’ and “Subhana Rabbiyal-A’laa” in Sujood. (Tasbeeh)
  10. Placing hands on knees during Ruku’.
  11. Sitting in the proper position.
  12. Raising the index finger during Shahadah.
  13. Placing hands on the thighs during Qu’ood.
  14. Reading in the raka’aats after the first two raka’aat in fardh Salah. (in other Salah, it is compulsory to read in all the raka’aat.
  15. Sending salutations to the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam after the last tashahhud.
  16. Du’a after the salutations from the Quran and Sunnah.
  17. To turn right and left while saying Salam.

Week 5 – Shooting stars, Salah

Assalamo Alaikum

This week some of the students sat for the NAPLAN tests. InshaAllah they will all get excellent marks!

For 2 to 3 weeks we will stop our current theme of Heaven and focus instead on Salah. Because of the importance of Salah, it will be revised every semester –  to ensure that everyone knows how to pray properly. InshaAllah, for those who already know how to, this will be good revision for them.

But before we get to that, the students learnt about shooting stars. Image

Their scientific explanation can be found on this website:

http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=249

As for their Islamic explanation – there is a very interesting story behind them – how the jinn go up to the Heavens to listen to secrets. The full story can be found in the book of Tafseer by Ibn Katheer. If anyone is interested in reading the full story, leave a reply and I will put it up inshaAllah.

Now on to Salah. This we focused on how to make the basic wudhu (ablution) for Salah:

  1. Wash hands 3 times
  2. Rinse mouth 3 times
  3. Rinse nose 3 time
  4. Wash face 3 times
  5. Wash arms, including the elbows 3 times
  6. Wipe at least 1 quarter of the head, then the ears and neck once
  7. Wash feet, including the ankles 3 times.

Note: Not everyone believes in wiping the neck in wudhu. You do not have to do that part.

We also learnt what breaks our wudhu:

  1. Passing wind
  2. Passing stool or urine
  3. Bleeding
  4. Vomiting a mouthful
  5. Sleeping
  6. Laughing in Salah
  7. Falling unconscious
  8. Going insane (mad)

Salat timings were also learnt:

  1. Fajr: Starts when the broad white light appears on the horizon. Ends at sunrise (as soon as the sun starts to rise)
  2. Zhuhr: Starts after the sun moves from the zenith (when the sun is at its highest point). Ends when the shadow of any object becomes twice its length, plus the midday shadow (in the Hanafi mazhab). Or when the shadow becomes the length of the object plus the midday shadow (in the Shafi’e mazhab)
  3. ‘Asr: Starts immediately after zhuhr ends. Ends at sunset. It is Makrooh (disliked) to pray zhuhr after the time when the sun changes colour – approximately 20 minutes before sunset)
  4. Maghrib: Starts once the sun has set. Ends when the natural light (evening glow) disappears from the sky.
  5. ‘Isha: Starts when Maghrib finishes. Ends when Fajr begins. (although it should be offered in the first third of the night)

There are also three times during the day when praying, or even just doing sajdah, is prohibited:

  1. During sunrise
  2. During sunset
  3. During the zenith

Week 4 – Promises of Paradise

We know that whatever Allah Ta’ala says is the complete truth. He is Al-Haqq. If He says something will happen, it will happen for sure.

Keeping that in mind, Allah Ta’ala has made us many promises. One such promise is that the one who prays their 5 daily Salaat in its correct time is guaranteed entry into Paradise. How simple and easy is that! By praying 5 times a day, Allah Ta’ala will pass to us the keys of Jannah (Paradise).2008-11-23_12649_salaat

Here is the Hadith which the students learnt: Hadith

Paradise

Assalamo Alaikum

This week we are learning the description of Jannah according to Quran and Sunnah.

The following video offers a beautiful explanation. Try listening to it with your eyes closed, imagining the extravagance that is being told by the speaker – Imam Anwar Al-Awlaki.

Answer the following questions in detail

Duas

In term 1, the students learnt the Dua for Salaat-ul-Hajah (Salaat for need). This         is a Masnoon Dua (A dua recited by Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam).

Abdullah bin Abi Aufa Aslami Radhiyallahu Anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam said that if a person has a need either from Allah or man, he should perform wudhu properly, perform two rakaats Nafl (voluntary) Salaat, praise Allah and send Durood to Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and recite the following Dua:

Salaatul Hajah

“There is none worthy of worship besides Allah, who is the affectionate and most helpful. He is pure and is the Rabb of the Arsh (throne). All praise is to Allah. Ya Allah, I desire (seek) that which makes Your mercy compulsory and the things that necessitate Your forgiveness, and portion of every good and safety from every sin. Ya Merciful of the mercifuls, forgive (pardon) my sins and remove all my worries and fulfil all my needs as You desire” (Tirmidhi)

Transliteration (for those who cannot read Arabic):

Laa ilaha illallahul ‘Haleemul Kareem. Sub’hanallahi Rabbil ‘Arshil ‘Azeem. Wal ‘Hamdu lillahi Rabbil ‘Aalameen. As-aluka moojibaati rahmatik. Wa ‘Azaa-ima maghfiratik. Wal ghaneemata min kulli birriw wassalaamata min kulli ithm. Laa tada’ lee zamban illah ghafartah. Wa laa hamman illa farrajtah. Wa laa ‘haajatan hiya laka rudhan illa qadhaytahaa yaa Ar’hamar Raa’hemeen.

We read this Dua every lesson so that the students can memorise it. We hope that everyone knows it by now so there will be a test on its memorisation next week Wednesday 1/5/13 inshaAllah.

As for this term, we are learning another Masnoon Dua. This dua is to be recited every morning and evening.

Usman Radhiyallahu Anhu reported that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam has said that nothing will harm the servant who recites these words three times every morning and evening:

morning and evening dua

“Ya Allah! we enter the day time and the evening and live and die with Your Qudrat (Power) and to You do we return.”

Transliteration:

Bismillahillazhi laa yadhurru ma’asmihi shay-un fil ardhi wa laa fissamaa-i wa huwassamee’ul ‘Aleem

We will read this every lesson along with the Salaat for Need Dua inshaAllah

Welcome!

Assalamo Alaikum

Welcome to the Year 7/8A Islamic Studies blog!

Every week this page will be updated with what our year 7/8A class has been learning. You will be able to track which topics have been covered from our current area of learning (The Heavens) on our lovely ‘mind blob’ which will be available really soon, InshaAllah.

Students and parents can comment on posts. I would love to hear what you think, what you liked, what you didn’t like, suggestions…etc.

For students, I will put up reminders here for homework and assignments, so check regularly! Particularly convenient if someone is absent – we don’t want anyone to miss out on learning!

Wassalam

Ms Sadia